三叉苦[图]的功效与作用

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三叉苦[图]的功效与作用-第1张图片

三叉苦

三叉苦[图]的功效与作用-第2张图片

【拼音名】Sān Chā Kǔ

【别名】三桠苦、小黄散、鸡骨树、三丫苦、三枝枪、三叉虎

【来源】芸香科吴茱萸属植物三叉苦Evodia lepta (Spreng.)Merr.,以入药。全年可采,根洗净,切片晒干备用;叶阴干备用。

【原形态】灌木或小乔木,高2~8m,全株味苦。树皮灰白色,有长圆形皮孔。叶为三数复叶,对生;叶柄长3~10cm,基部略胀大;小叶片长圆状披针形,长6~12cm,宽2~6cm,纸质,先端钝尖,全缘或不规则浅波状,叶上面深绿色,下面黄绿色,有腺点,小叶柄短。伞房状圆锥花序腋生,花轴及花梗初时被短柔毛,花后渐脱落。花小,单性,黄白色,略芳香;萼深裂,广卵形,长约0.5mm;;花瓣4,卵圆形至长圆形,长1.5~2mm,有腺点;雄花有雄蕊4,较花瓣长,花丝线形,花药卵状长圆形,退化子房短小;雌花子房密被毛,退化雄蕊4,较花瓣短,花药不育。蓇葖果常2~3,稀1或2,外果皮暗黄褐色至红褐色,有乳点;种子黑色有光泽,卵状球形。分布于福建、广东、广西、海南和云南等省区。生于丘陵、平原、溪边,林缘的灌从中。

【性味】苦,寒。

【功能主治】清热解毒、祛风除湿。治咽喉肿痛、风湿骨痛、疟疾、黄疸、湿疹、皮炎、跌打损伤及虫蛇咬伤等症。

【用法用量】根0.3~1两,叶3~5钱。外用适量,鲜叶捣烂或煎汤洗患处,也可阴干研粉调制软膏搽患处。

【摘录】《全国中草药汇编》

标签: 三叉苦[图]

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